The closing of Altorado appears to have been providential. Without a ministry to tend to, the spring of 1914 becomes a chance for Walter to return to England to visit family and friends and an opportunity for Harold to travel with him.
The years between 1910 and 1914 are filled with significant events for Harold’s family; his parents take several trips, his older sister Edna marries (in 1912) and the following year, she and her husband have a baby (the first of the next generation). In April of 1914, Harold turns eighteen.
Perhaps the trip was in celebration of his coming of age. Whatever the motivation, his parents could not have asked for a better travelling companion for him – Walter is a minister, he is someone older and more experienced in travel and he has respectable connections on the other side of the ocean.
There’s no trace of the letters that must have criss-crossed the prairie in 1913, but plans were made and tickets were purchased. In late April 1914, the young men travel to New York City where they board the RMS Cedric and sail third class to England. They land in Liverpool on May 1st, 1914.
There is a postcard of the R.M.S. Cedric in Harold’s collection and it is possible to gain some basic details from the ship’s manifest so I couldn’t resist straying a little to find out more about this White Star ocean liner and the voyage. After all, it is only two years since the Titanic disaster and Harold and Walter are recorded as travelling Third Class (isn’t that the same as steerage?) I wondered how much had changed for transatlantic travellers in the two years since and how much had not.
R.M.S. Cedric was the second of the White Star Line’s ‘Big 4 ships built by Harland and Wolff (the same company that built Titanic). New York – Liverpool was her regular run until the war broke out then she, like so many others, was refitted for carrying troops. It could carry just under 3000 passengers, 2300 of whom would travel in Third Class accommodation. The voyage took five days.
One of the first things I found online is a site with brochures depicting the interiors of the Big Four. The interior of Third Class on the Cedric doesn’t look too bad (you’ll need to scroll down to the photos in the linked site).
Thankfully there were also changes in Maritime regulations and practices including:
- provision of enough life boats for everyone on board
- trained staff and designated roles for emergency situations
- improved reporting procedures and protocols
- improved communication equipment
- improved hull construction and testing regulations
- a binding agreement (between participating countries) for Ships’ Masters to respond to distress signals
The first International Conference for the Safety of Life at Sea met and signed the agreement bring about these changes in January 1914.
Less formally, but perhaps more importantly was the change in the competitive culture of the commercial lines in making the crossing. Transatlantic crossing times increased slightly after the Titanic disaster.
Harold and Walter arrive safely and in style.
Hi there, I am writing an article about William Osler, the Canadian physician. I ran into your blog and I am interested in the picture of R.M.S. Cedric. Osler, when he moved to England from Baltimore, took that ocean liner. So if I can use this picture in my article, it’ll be great. I wonder if I am allowed to download a copy of this picture so that I can use in my article. Please advise and thanks a lot! Larry
Hi Larry, Thanks for getting in touch. I’m happy for you to use the photo as long as you acknowledge/credit where you got it. The article you are writing sounds very interesting! Where will it be published? I’d love to read it when it’s done. Such a fascinating time in history and one from which we are still learning lessons today. Good luck with your writing. All the best, Catherine
Hi Catherine, thank you so much for allowing me to use the photo. For sure I will put notes of credit along with the photo. Now regarding the article, it’s actually one installment of a serial. There are 14 in total, and so far I completed 12. The serial is for a bi-monthly journal named Duku, in Chinese, 读库, which means “literature reservoir”. So yes, it is a journal published in China, and therefore my articles for this serial are all in Chinese. If you happen to read Chinese, that’s great and I can share manuscript with you as is. Otherwise, there are 2 things I can do. 1) When the serial got published, I’ll take a picture of the page that has this photo of RMS Cedric and share with you, and 2), when I got time, I’ll translate this article of Osler into English and share with you. But for the second to happen, please be patient, because currently I am working in full gear to meet the date I promised, and when I got time to work on the translation, it’s an article of roughly 100 pages…
Thanks again and have a great day!
Hi Catherine, I input a long reply yesterday but it has been in “awaiting for moderation” status ever since. Not sure why. Let me try again. Firstly, thank you so much for allowing me to use the photo. For sure I will put notes of credit along with the photo. Regarding the article, it’s in Chinese, so I need to translate it to English before I can share with you, but the translation work has to wait a bit, because I am working on a serial of 14 installments, and I still have 2 installments to complete. When I finished this project, I’ll find time and translate Osler’s story and share with you. Thanks again! Larry
Hi Catherine, I input a long reply yesterday but it has been in “awaiting for moderation” status ever since. Not sure why. Let me try again. Firstly, thank you so much for allowing me to use the photo. For sure I will put notes of credit along with the photo. Regarding the article, it’s in Chinese, so I need to translate it to English before I can share with you, but the translation work has to wait a bit, because I am working on a serial of 14 installments, and I still have 2 installments to complete. When I finished this project, I’ll find time and translate Osler’s story and share with you. Thanks again! Larry (my 2 replies to your comment were put in “awaiting moderation” status so I try again as a fresh comment, and hope it can get through faster…)
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